There are various grounds and methods by which a person may obtain residence in Malta which may vary for EU/EEA nationals and Third Country Nationals (TCNs). Any person who resides in Malta for over three months requires a residency card issued by the immigration authorities in order to confirm their right to legally reside in Malta.
EU/EEA nationals may obtain residency in Malta inter alia on the following grounds:
Temporary residence is granted to EU/EEA nationals and their family members where such person is following a course of education in Malta, including vocational training. Such persons however must have enough financial resources to support themselves without having recourse to the social security system in Malta as well as suitable place to live.
Work/Setting up a Business
EU national does not require a work license to be able to work in Malta, whether in self-employment or as an employee.
It is not required that an EU/EEA national works in Malta in order to obtain residency if such persons are deemed to be economically self-sufficient. Pensioners and retired persons also fall under this category, but may opt for the Retirement Programme. Any economically self-sufficient person must be able to financially support themselves and members of their family who join them, without having recourse to assistance from the Government. For such purposes, they must have a full sickness insurance covering themselves and their dependents whilst in Malta, as well as a suitable place of accommodation. Their capital should be according to the current minimum thresholds:
|Single (Eur)||Married (Eur)|
|Minimum Capital OR||14,000||23,000|
Non-EU/EEA nationals (TCNs)
TCNs are required to have a working license in order carry out work in Malta, whether as an employed or self-employed person.
An employment license is granted to TCNs in exceptional cases such as candidates qualified to work in sectors where there is a shortage of skills, such as the Aviation, IT, financial services and environmental sector, amongst others.
A TCN who wishes to obtain self-employment status in Malta must satisfy at least one of the following criteria:
Malta Residence and Shareholding in Malta Companies
A TCN may obtain residence in Malta by incorporating a Company in which such TCN is the shareholder or ultimate beneficial owner of such Company.
The Company must however reach at least one of the following criteria:
If the director of the Malta Company is not also a shareholder, then the application does not need to meet the above criteria, however the labour market conditions as aforesaid will be taken into consideration when the application is being reviewed, such as the aforementioned shortage of skills and the sector involved.
Permanent Residence/Long Term Residence
This status is granted to individuals who have resided legally in Malta for a continuous period of five years, excluding temporary absences from Malta which may not exceed 6 consecutive months in each year and must also not exceed 10 months in the whole 5 year period.
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